What are Enzymes?
Enzymes (Greek for “in the cell” formerly also called ferments) are biologically the most important group of proteins. Enzymes are found in all living organisms – in microbes, plants and animals and of course also in human bodies; however, enzyme molecules are not living things themselves. They are biocatalysts which enable metabolic processes in the cells. Enzymes decrease the so-called activation energy for chemical reactions – the minimum energy required to enable a reaction to take place at all. They may speed up reactions by a factor of several millions. Generally, enzyme names end in ‘ase’ to designate a compound being transformed in the reaction that is catalyzed, e.g., xylanase, cellulase, pectinase.
Enzymes are highly specific and will only react with a small number, sometimes only one, substance – (“substrate specificity”). A living organism therefore needs up to 10,000 different enzymes to function smoothly. More than 5,000 have been scientifically described. Enzymes operate at mild conditions (temperature, pH, pressure) and without the need of harsh chemicals, and because of their specificity without generating harmful side-products. As natural proteins, enzymes are fully biodegradable. Enzymes are coded by genes within living cells and they consist of chains of 20 different amino acids. For the biological activity, the amino acid chain folds to form a complex, three-dimensional molecular structure.
Enzyme Products and Applications
Enzymes play a big role in the manufacture of foodstuffs and beverages: they ensure that bread stays fresh longer, make fruit juice clearer and give jeans their stonewashed look. Many industrial processes would be completely inconceivable without such tiny invisible helpers.
AB Enzymes manufactures enzyme products for different fields of application including:
- Animal Feed
- Pulp & Paper
- Special Enzymes for the Food Industry
- Textile Industry
AB Enzymes has a vast product range for these enzymes. VERON is used for baking innovations, while other food processing enzymes include ROHALASE®, ROHAMENT®, ROHAVIN®, ROHAPECT® and COROLASE®. Animal feed enzymes include ECONASE®, QUANTUM® and FINASE® while technical enzymes include ECOSTONE®, BIOTOUCH® and ECOPULP®.
For further information on the enzyme products available, please visit the AB Enzymes website.